Making senses: bibliography

Bibliography update in progress… Click here for a partially updated version!

A. Aganga, M. Letso A.O. Aganga, Feeding donkeys. Livestock Research for Rural Development. Volume 12, Article 11, 2000
available at

G. S. Aldrete, “Urban Sensations: Opulence and Ordure”, in Toner (ed.), A Cultural History of the Senses in Antiquity, 2014, 45-68

G. S. Aldrete, Hazards of Life in Ancient Rome: Floods, Fires, Famines, Footpads, Filth, and Fevers in A Companion to the City of Rome eds. Holleran, Claire, Claridge, Amanda (2018, 365-82)

P. M. Allison, Pompeian households, an analysis of the material culture, Los Angeles CA 2004, (with a companion website at

J. F Augoyard, and Henry Torgue 2006 Sonic Experience: A Guide to Everyday Experience . McGill-Queen’s University Press, Montreal.

P. Baker, Identifying the connection between Roman conceptions of ‘Pure Air’ and physical and mental health in Pompeian gardens (c.150 BC–AD 79): a multi-sensory approach to ancient medicine, in World Archaeology, 50:3, 404-417, DOI: 10.1080/00438243.2018.1487332, (2018)

H. Baltussen 2015. ”Ancient philosophers on the sense of smell.” In Smell and the Ancient Senses, edited by M. Bradley, 30-45. London – New York

A. Barattolo, E. Romaldi, Impianti igienici a Pompei Rapporto preliminare, in RStPomp XI. 2000 263-270

M. Brattoli, G. de Gennaro, V. de Pinto, A.D. Loiotile,S. Lovascio, M. Penza, Odour detection methods: olfactometry and chemical sensors. Sensors (Basel). 2011;11(5):5290-5322. doi:10.3390/s110505290

M. Beard, Pompeii: The Life of a Roman Town, 2008

R. Berg, Finds from the 1847 excavations: Vessels, in R. Berg and I. Kuivalainen (eds.) Domus Pompeiana M. Lucretii IX 3, 5.24, The Inscriptions, Works of Art and Finds from the Old and New Excavations, Commentationes Humanarum Litterarum 136 2019, 133-160

R. Berg, Toiletries and Taverns. Cosmetic Sets in Small Houses, Hospitia and Lupanaria at Pompeii, in Arctos 51, 2017, 13-40

R. Berg 2008, Saggi stratigrafici ne vicoli a est e a ovest dell’Insula dei Casti Amanti (IX 12). Materia e P. G. Guzzo and M. P. Guidobaldi (eds.) Nuove ricerche archeologiche nell’area vesuviana, scavi 2003-2006: atti del convegno internazionale, Roma, 1-3 febbraio 2007, Roma 2008

E.M. Betts (ed.), Senses of the Empire: Multisensory Approaches to Roman Culture, London 2017

A. Bhatt, P.Grillo, M. LucaRedinbo et al, In Fimo: A Term Proposed for Excrement Examined Experimentally in Gastroenterology, Volume 156, Issue 5, 1232

H. Boman, Let there be light. Light in atrium houses in Roman Pompeii and Herculaneum in Vesuviana 3, 2011, 89-102

P. Borgard and M.-P. Puybaret, Le travail de la laine au debut de l’empire: L’apport du modele pompeien. Quels artisans? Quels equipements? Quelles techniques? in C. Alfaro, J. P. Wild, and B. Costa (eds.) Actas del I Symposium Internacional sobre Textiles y Tintes del Mediterráneo en Época Romana, Valencia 2004, 47–59

G. Boyce, Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. in Memoirs of the American Academy in Rome, 14, 1937, 5-112. doi:10.2307/4238593

M. Bradley, Introduction in M. Bradley (ed.), Smell and the Ancient Senses, London – New York 2015

E. Breton, Pompéia décrite et dessinée. Suivie d’une Notice sur Herculanum Paris 1855

S. Butler, S. Nooter (eds.), Sound and the Ancient Senses, London 2019

P. Castrén (ed.), Domus Pompeiana: una casa a Pompei, Helsinki 2008

P. Castrén, R. Berg, A. Tammisto and E.-M. Viitanen, In the Heart of Pompeii – Archaeological Studies in the Casa di Marco Lucrezio (IX, 3, 5.24) in P. G. Guzzo and M. P. Guidobaldi (eds.) Nuove ricerche archeologiche nell’area vesuviana, scavi 2003-2006: atti del convegno internazionale, Roma, 1-3 febbraio 2007, Roma 2008

R. Cervi, Evoluzione architettonica delle cosidette Case a Giardino ad Ostia, in L. Quilici – S. Quilici-Gigli (edd.), Città e monumenti nell’Italia antica, Atlante tematico di topografia antica 7, 1998, 141-156.

S. Chavarria, Menstrual blood: uses, values, and controls in Ancient Rome, (forthcoming)

M. Chowda Reddy and M. Dronachari, Physical and Frictional Properties of Donkey Manure at Various Depths in Compost Pit, in Journal of Academia and Industrial Research (JAIR) Volume 2, Issue 9 February 2014

M. Ciaraldi and J. Richardson, Food, ritual and rubbish in the making of Pompeii, in G. Finchman, G. Harrison, R. Rodgers Holland and L. Revell (eds.) TRAC 99. Proceedings of the Ninth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Oxford 2000, 74-82

J. Clarke, The houses of Roman Italy 100 B.C.-A.D. 250: ritual, space, and decoration, Berkeley 1991

C. Classen, Worlds of sense: exploring the senses in history and across cultures, London 1993

C. Classen, D. Howes and A. Synnott, Aroma: the cultural history of smell, London 1994.

C. Classen and D. Howes, Ways of sensing: understanding the senses in society, London 2014.

C. Classen, D. Howes, R. Newhauser, H. Roodenburg, J. P. Toner, A. Vila, The Cultural History of the Senses, vol. 1-6, London 2014

A. Corbin, Le Miasme et la jonquille, Paris 2008 

Sarah Cormack, The tombs at Pompeii, in: J. Dobbins P. Foss (eds.), The World of Pompeii. New York – London 2010, 585-606

CTP = Corpus Topographicum Pompeianum II-V, Rome – Austin, 1977-1984

V. Curtis, R. Aunger and T. Rabie, Evidence that disgust evolved to protect from risk of disease in Biology Letters 2003 (published online 2004)

P. J. E. Davies, Pollution, propriety and urbanism in Republican Rome, in K. Stow and M. Bradley, (eds.)  Rome, Pollution and Propriety: Dirt, Disease and Hygiene in the Eternal City from Antiquity to Modernity, Cambridge 2012

J. Day (ed.), Making Senses of the Past: Toward a Sensory Archaeology, Carbondale 2013

J. DeLaine, High status insula apartments in early imperial Ostia – a reading” in Meded. 58 (1999)

J. Draycott, Smelling trees, flowers and herbs in the ancient world in in M. Bradley (ed.), Smell and the Ancient Senses, London – New York 2015, 60-73

S. Ellis, The distribution of bars at Pompeii: archaeological, spatial and viewshed analyses in JRA 17 2004, 371-384

S. Ellis, The rise and reorganization of the Pompeian salted fish industry, in S. Ellis (ed.) The Making of Pompeii: Studies in the history and urban development of an ancient town, JRA suppl. 85 2011, 59-88.

A. Emmerson, Life and Death in the Roman Suburb, Oxford 2020
H. and L. Eschebach, Pompeji: vom 7. Jahrhundert bis 79 n.Chr., Köln-Weimar-Wien 1995

G. Fiorelli, Descrizione di Pompei, Napoli 1875

M. Flohr, 2003, Fullones and Roman Society. A reconsideration, in JRA 16 2003, 447-450.

M. Flohr, Working and living under one roof: workshops in Pompeian atrium houses” in A. Anguissola (ed.) Privata Luxuria: Towards an Archaeology of Intimacy. Pompeii and Beyond, München 2012, 51-72

M. Flohr, The Textile Economy of Pompeii in JRA 26, 2013, 53-78

J. Garnert, Anden i lampan, etnologiska perspektiv på ljus och mörker, Stockholm 1993

A. Gering, Die Case a Giardino als unerfüllter Architektentraum. Planung und gewandelte Nutzung einer Luxuswohnanlage im antiken Ostia in RM 109 (2002), 109-140

GdSN = Giornale dei Nuovi Scavi di Ercolano, unpublished excavation reports of Herculaneum, (1927—), available as a text file transcript at the Soprintendenza of Herculaneum

A. Goncalves, L., Magalhaes, J., Moura, A., Chalmers, High Dynamic Range ‐ A Gateway for Predictive Ancient Lighting in Journal on Computing and Cultural Heritage vol. 2/1, 2009, 1‐20

M. Grahame, Public and private in the Roman house: investigating the social order of the Casa del Fauno in R. Laurence and A.Wallace-Hadrill (eds.) Domestic space in the Roman world: Pompeii and beyond, Portsmouth 1997, 137-64

M. Grahame, Reading space: social interaction and identity in the houses of Roman Pompeii, a syntactical approach to the analysis and interpretation of built space, Oxford 2000.

P.G. Guzzo and M. P. Guidobaldi (ed.), Nuove ricerche archeologiche a Pompei ed Ercolano, atti del convegno internazionale, Roma, 28–30 novembre. Studi della Soprintendenza archeologica di Pompei 10, 2002.

S. Hales, The Roman House and Social Identity, Cambridge 2003

Y. Hamilakis, Archaeology and the Senses: Human Experience, Memory, and Affect, 2014 Cambridge doi:10.1017/CBO9781139024655

J. Hartnett, The Power of Nuisances on the Roman Street in R. Laurence and D. Newsome (eds) Rome, Ostia, and Pompeii: Movement and Space,2011 Oxford, 135-159.

F. Havlíček, M. Morcinek, Waste and Pollution in the Ancient Roman Empire in Journal of Landscape Ecology (2016), 9/3.

M. Henneberg, R.J. Henneberg, Reconstructing Medical Knowledge in Ancient Pompeii from the Hard Evidence of Bones and Teeth, in: J Renn, G Castagnetti (eds) Homo Faber: Studies on Nature. Technology and Science at the Time of Pompeii, “L’ERMA” di Bretschneider, Rome 2002, 169-187

G. Hermansen, Ostia: aspects of Roman city life, Edmonton 1981

B.Hillier, J. Hanson: The social logic of space, Cambridge 1988

B. Hobson, Pompeii, Latrines and Down Pipes (BAR International Series), 2009 A

B. Hobson, Latrinae et foricae : toilets in the Roman world, London 2009 B

M. Holappa, E.-M. Viitanen, Topographic Conditions in the Urban Plan of Pompeii: the urban landscape in 3D, in S. Ellis (Ed.), The Making of Pompeii. Studies in the History and Urban Development of an Ancient Town, JRA, Suppl. 85, 2011, 169-189.

V. M. Hope, A sense of grief, The role of the senses in the performance of Roman mourning in E.M. Betts, (ed.) Senses of the Empire: Multisensory Approaches to Roman Culture, London 2017, 86-103

J. C. Jackson, J. Watts, T. R. Henry, J.-M. List, R. Forkel, P. J. Mucha, S. J. Greenhill, R. D. Gray, K. A. Lindquist: Emotion semantics show both cultural variation and universal structures
Science, 2019, Vol. 366, Issue 6472, pp. 1517-1522
DOI: 10.1126/science.aaw8160

G. Jansen, Systems for the Disposal of Waste and Excreta, in J. Anton, X. Dupré Raventós,(eds.) Sordes urbis: la eliminación de residuos en la ciudad romana: actas de la Reunión de Roma, 15-16 de noviembre de 1996, 2000, 37–49

G. Jansen, Roman toilets of the city of Minturnae. A preliminary report in Minturnae: nuovi contributi alla conoscenza della forma urbis: Giornata di studio sui lavori a Minturnae, in collaborazione con la Seconda Università degli studi di Napoli, Facoltà di Lettere e filosofia, Roma-29 settembre 2011 a cura di G. R. Bellini e H. von Hesberg, 2011, 129-138

A. Kaiser, Cart Traffic Flow in Pompeii and Rome in R. Laurence and D. J. Newsome (eds.), Rome, Ostia and Pompeii: movement and space, Oxford 2011, 175-193

M. Keck et al, Odour impact from farms with animal husbandry and biogas facilities, in Science of the Total Environment 645 (2018) 1432–1443

S. Kent (ed.) Domestic architecture and the use of space: an interdisciplinary cross-cultural study, Cambridge 1990

A. King, Mammals: evidence from wall paintings, sculpture, mosaics, faunal remains, and ancient literary sources, in W Jashemski, F Meyer (eds.) The Natural History of Pompeii, 2002, 401-450
A. Kira, Privacy in the bathroom, in H.M. Proshansky, W.H. Ittelson, L.G. Rivlin (eds.) Environmental psychology – Man and his physical setting, 1970, 269-75

A. O. Koloski-Ostrow (2015 A), Roman urban smells: the archaeological evidence, M. Bradley (ed.), Smell and the Ancient Senses, London – New York 2015, 90-109

A. O. Koloski-Ostrow (2015 B), The Archaeology of Sanitation in Roman Italy: Toilets, Sewers, and Water Systems, 2015

R. Laurence, Roman Pompeii – Space and Society, London – New York 1994

R. Laurence and A.Wallace-Hadrill (eds.), Domestic space in the Roman world: Pompeii and beyond, Portsmouth 1997

R. Laurence and D. J. Newsome (eds.), Rome, Ostia and Pompeii: movement and space, Oxford 2011

T. Lauritsen, Doors in Domestic Space at Pompeii and Herculaneum: A Preliminary Study in TRAC (Mladenović, D. and Russell, B. (eds.) (2011) TRAC 2010: Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Theoretical Roman Archaeology Conference, Oxford 2010. Oxford 2011, 59–75

H. Lefebvre, The production of space, (La production de l’espace) translated by D. Nicholson-Smith, Oxford 1991

S. Levin-Richardson. Bodily Waste and Boundaries in Pompeian Graffiti, in D. Dutsch and A. Suter (eds), Ancient Obsenities, Ann Arbor 2015, 225–254

B. Lowe: The Dye-shops of Pompeii in C. Alfaro Giner, J. Ortiz García and L. Turell (eds) Purpureae Vestes V, Universitat de València, 2016, pages ??

P.K. Mackie Jensen et al., Hygiene versus fertiliser: The use of human excreta in agriculture – A Vietnamese example in Int. J. Hyg. Environ. Health 211 (2008) 432–439

M. MacKinnon, Tastes of meat in antiquity: Integrating the textual and zooarchaeological evidence in K. C. Rudolph (ed.) Taste and the Ancient Senses 2017, 161-178

M. MacKinnon, Pack animals, pets, pests, and other non-human beings in Erdkamp, P. (ed.) The Cambridge Companion to Ancient Rome (Cambridge Companions to the Ancient World). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. doi:10.1017/CCO9781139025973, 2013, 110-130

A. Maiuri, Ercolano: i nuovi scavi (1927-1958), Roma 1958

A. Majid, et al., Differential coding of perception in the world’s languages in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Nov 2018, 115 (45) 11369-11376; DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1720419115
W.E. Moeller, The Wool Trade of Ancient Pompeii, 1976

M. D. Monaghan: Coats of Many Colours: Dyeing and Dyeworks in Classical and Hellenistic Greece, PhD dissertation 2001, Leicester University

R. Mongelluzzo, Maya palaces as experiences: Ancient Maya royal architecture and its influence on sensory perception, in J. Day (ed.), Making Senses of the Past: Toward a Sensory Archaeology, Carbondale 2013

N. Monteix. Pompéi, recherches sur les boulangeries de l’Italie romaine. Fasti On Line Documents & Research (FOLD&R), International Association for Classical Archaeology (AIAC), 2009, 168. ⟨halshs-02284758⟩

Nicolas Monteix. Pompéi, Pistrina: recherches sur les boulangeries de l’Italie romaine [2009]. Mélanges de l’Ecole française de Rome – Antiquité, École française de Rome, 2010, 122 (1), pp.275-283. ⟨halshs-00710218⟩

N. Monteix, Cuisiner pour les autres: les espaces commerciaux de production alimentaire à Pompéi in Gallia – Archéologie de la France antique, CNRS Éditions, 2013, Dossier: Cuisines et boulangeries en Gaule romaine, 70 (1), pp.9-26. ffhalshs-01287403

N. Monteix, Du couteau au boucher: remarques préliminaires sur la préparation et le commerce de la viande à Pompéi in Food & History, 5, 1, 2007, 169-196

N. Morley, Urban smells and Roman noses, in M. Bradley (ed.), Smell and the Ancient Senses, London – New York 2015¸ 110-119

C. Murphy, G. Thompson, and D.Q. Fuller, Roman food refuse: urban archaeobotany in Pompeii, Regio VI, Insula 1, in Veget Hist Archaeobot (2013) 22: 409

H. Mygind 1918. ”Hygiejniske Forhold i Oldtidens Pompeji.” Reprinted in: Pompeiistudier, optryk af originaludgaverne. København. 1977.

H. Mygind, Hygienische Verhältnisse im alten Pompeji, in Janus 25, 1921, 285-324

S. Nilsson, J. Sjöberg, M. Amundin, C. Hartmann, A. Buettner, and M. Laska, Behavioral Responses to Mammalian Blood Odor and a Blood Odor Component in Four Species of Large Carnivores in PLoS ONE 9(11): e112694, 2014;

L. Nissin, Roman Sleep – Sleeping areas and sleeping arrangements in the Roman house, Helsinki 2016

K. Olson 2008. Dress and the Roman Woman. Self-presentation and Society, London.

R. van Oosten The Dutch Great Stink: The End of the Cesspit Era in the Pre-Industrial Towns of Leiden and Haarlem, European Journal of Archaeology, 19:4, 704-727, DOI: 10.1080/14619571.2016.1147677

J. E. Packer, The insulae of imperial Ostia, Rome 1971

PAH 1 = G. Fiorelli G., Pompeianarum antiquitatum historia, Vol. 1. Napoli 1860

PAH 2 = G. Fiorelli G., Pompeianarum antiquitatum historia, Vol. 2. Napoli 1862

PAH 2 = G. Fiorelli G., Pompeianarum antiquitatum historia, Vol. 2. Napoli 1864

J. Pallasmaa, The eyes of the skin: architecture and the senses, London 1996

T. Panofka 1847. ”Scavi di Pompei.” Bull.Inst 8:129–37.

F. Pesando and M. P. Guidobaldi, Pompei, Oplontis, Ercolano, Stabiae, Roma, 2006

PPM I-X = Pompei. Pitture e mosaici I-X, Roma 1990-1998.

PPP I-III = Bragantini, I. & de Vos, M. & Parise Badoni, F. & Sampaolo, V. (eds.), Pitture e Pavimenti di Pompei.  Repertorio delle fotografie del Gabinetto Fotografico Nazionale, I-III, Roma 1981-1986.

H. Platts, Multisensory Living in Ancient Rome: Power and Space in Roman Houses, 2019

E. Poehler, Where to Park? Carts, Stables, and the Economics of Transport in Pompeii in Ray Laurence and David J. Newsome: Rome, Ostia, Pompeii: Movement and Space.

D. Potter, Odor and Power in the Roman Empire, in J. Porter (ed), Constructions of the Classical Body, Ann Arbor 1999, 169-89

D. Potter 2015. ”The scent of Roman dining.” In Smell and the Ancient Senses, edited by M. Bradley, 120-32. London – New York

A. Purves and S. Butler (eds.), Synaesthesia and the Ancient Senses, Durham 2013

E. Rowan, Bioarchaeological preservation and non-elite diet in the Bay of Naples: An analysis of the food remains from the Cardo V sewer at the Roman site of Herculaneum, in Environmental Archaeology, 22:3, 2017, 318-336, DOI: 10.1080/14614103.2016.1235077

E. Rowan, The sensory experiences of food consumption, in R. Skeates, J. Day (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Sensory Archaeology, 2019, 293-314

J. Reinarz, Past Scents: Historical Perspectives on Smell in Studies in Sensory History 2014

M. Ruggiero, Storia degli scavi di Ercolano ricomposta su’ documenti superstiti, Napoli 1885

L. San Roque, K. H. Kendrick, E. Norcliffe, P. Brown, R. Defina, M. Dingemanse, T. Dirksmeyer, NJ. Enfield, S. Floyd, J. Hammond, G. Rossi, S. Tufvesson, S. van Putten and A. Majid: Vision verbs dominate in conversation across cultures, but the ranking of non-visual verbs varies, in Cognitive Linguistics 2015, DOI 10.1515/cog-2014-0089

L. A. Scatozza Höricht , L’instrumentum vitreum di Pompei, 2012

K.R. Scherer, E. Clark‐Polner, M. Mortillaro, In the eye of the beholder? Universality and cultural specificity in the expression and perception of emotion. International Journal of Psychology, 46, 2011, 401-435. doi:10.1080/00207594.2011.626049

A. Scobie Slums, Sanitation, and Mortality in the Roman World in Klio 68, 1986, 399-433

C. S. Sell, The Mechanism of Olfaction. In C. S. Sell (Ed.), Chemistry and the Sense of Smell 2014 doi:10.1002/9781118522981.ch2

R. Skeates, J. Day (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Sensory Archaeology, 2019

S. Stevens, Reconstructing the Garden Houses at Ostia. Exploring water supply and building height” in BABESCH 80, 2005, 113-123

H. Stöger, Rethinking Ostia: A Spatial Inquiry into the Urban Society of Rome’s Imperial Port Town, Leiden 2011

T. Syrjämaa, Aistittu Rooma. Matkailijan koettu ja kerrottu kaupunki in Ennen ja nyt 3-4, 2008

G. E. Thüry Müll und Marmorsäulen. Siedlungshygiene in der Römischen Antike Mainz, 2001

C. Tilley, Interpreting Landscapes: Geologies, Topographies, Identities; Explorations in Landscape Phenomenology 3, 2010

L. Totelin, Smell as a sign and cure in ancient medicine, M. Bradley (ed.), Smell and the Ancient Senses, London – New York 2015

K. Trusler and Barry Hobson, Downpipes and upper story latrines in Pompeii, Journal of Archaeological Science, 13, 2017, 652-665

K. Trusler, Where’s the loo? An analysis of the spatial distribution of private latrines in Pompeii, Water Hist, 2017 9:363–387

R. Veal, From Context to Economy: charcoal and its unique potential in archaeological interpretation: a case study from Pompeii in I. E. Schrüfer-Kolb (ed.) More than just numbers? The role of science in Roman archaeology, Portsmouth 2012, 19-52

R. J. Veal, Wood and Charcoal for Rome: towards an understanding of ancient regional fuel economics, in T. de Haas and G. Tol (eds.) The Economic Integration of Italy: Rural Communities in a Globalizing World, 2017

J. Veitch Soundscape of the Street: Architectural Acoustics in Ostia in E.M. Betts, (ed.) Senses of the Empire: Multisensory Approaches to Roman Culture, London 2017

J. Veitch: Cities and urbanism R. Skeates, J. Day (eds.) The Routledge Handbook of Sensory Archaeology, 2019, 266-280

A. Wallace-Hadrill, The Social Structure of the Roman House in PBSR 56, 1988, 43-97

A. Wallace-Hadrill, Houses and society in Pompeii and Herculaneum, Princeton 1994

M. Watanabe, The natural remains unearthed from UU.SS.4. Preliminary reports, archaeological investigations at Porta Capua, Pompeii in Opuscula Pompeiana 6, 1996, 63-65.

C. Weddle, The Sensory Experience of Blood Sacrifice in the Roman Imperial Cult in J. Day (ed.), Making Senses of the Past: Toward a Sensory Archaeology, Carbondale 2013

E. F. Wheeler and J. L. Zajaczkowski, Horse stable manure management Horse Facilities 3. College of Agricultural Sciences. The Pennsylvania State University, University Park PA. 2002

A. Wilson & M. Flohr, Economy of ordure in Jansen, G., Koloski-Ostrow, A., Moormann, E. (eds.) Roman Toilets. Their Archaeology and Cultural History. Leuven 2011, 127 – 136.

H. Ynnilä (2012), Pompeii, Insula IX.3: A Case Study of Urban Infrastructure, Vol 1.: Text and figures Vol. 2 Catalogue. PhD Dissertation, University of Oxford, available at

Zedda M, Manca P, Chisu V, et al. Ancient pompeian dogs–morphological and morphometric evidence for different canine populations. Anat Histol Embryol. 2006; 35(5):319-324. doi:10.1111/j.1439-0264.2006.00687.x